• Home
  • Nehru : A Reflection
  • An Illustrated Chronology of Nehru's Life

An Illustrated Chronology of Nehru's Life

1889 :
  • Born on 14 November to Motilal and Swaruprani Nehru, Allahabad
1905 - 07 :
  • Harrow School, Middlesex UK.
1907 - 10 :
  • Trinity College, Cambridge, UK.
1910 - 12 :
  • Inner Temple, London, UK.
1912 :
  • Returned to India. Started practising as a lawyer at the Allahabad High Court.
1916 :
  • Married Kamala Kaul on 8 February.
1917 :
  • Joined the Home Rule League. His daughter Indira was born on 19 November.
1918 :
  • Secretary, Home Rule League.
1919 :
  • Started the newspaper ‘Independent’ with Motilal Nehru.
1920 :
  • Joined the Non-cooperation Movement.
1921 :
  • Arrested on 6 December for participating in the Volunteer Movement and urging boycott of the visit of Prince of Wales to India.
1922 :
  • Released on 3 March. Arrested on 11 May for picketing cloth shops.
1923 :
  • Released on 26 January.
  • Elected Chairman, Allahabad Municipal Board in April. (Resigned in January 1925).
  • Arrested on 19 September for defying an order banning entry into Nabha State. (Released on 6 October).
  • Presided over the United Provinces Political Conference, Benares in October.
  • Founded the Hindustani Seva Dal in December.
  • General Secretary, Indian National Congress, 1923-5.
1926 - 27 :
  • Visited Europe and Britain. Attended the Congress of Oppressed Nationalities, Brussels on 10 February, 1927.
  • Visited the Soviet Union in November. Moved the 'Independence Resolution' at the Madras session of the Indian National Congress in December.
  • General Secretary, Indian National Congress, 1927-9.
1928 :
  • Presided over the Punjab Provincial Conference in April.
  • Founded the Independence for India League in August.
  • Presided over the All Bengal Students Conference in September.
  • Active in the boycott of the Simon Commission; lathi-charged in Lucknow, November.
1929 :
  • Presided over the Nagpur session of the All-India Trade Union Congress on 30 November.
  • Presided over the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress on 29 December in which Indian Tricolour was hoisted and a declaration for ‘Poorna Swaraj’ (Self Rule) was made.
1930 :
  • Participated in the Salt Satyagraha Movement and was arrested on 14 April. (Released on 11 October.)
  • Arrested on 19 October for Speech made in favour of the No-tax Campaign.
1931 :
  • Released on 26 January.
  • Motilal Nehru died on 6 February.
  • Arrested on 26 December for breach of an internment order prohibiting him from leaving the municipal limits of Allahabad. (Released on 30 August 1933.)
1934 :
  • Organised January relief for the victims of the Bihar earthquake.
  • Arrested on 12 February for speeches made in Calcutta. (Released on 11 August on parole.)
  • Returned to prison on 23 August. Completed writing ‘Glimpses of World History’.
1935 :
  • Completed his ‘Autobiography’ in Almora Jail. (Released on 4 September 1935).
1936 :
  • Kamala Nehru died on 28 February in Lausanne, Switzerland.
  • Presided over the Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress on 23 April.
  • Travelled round India campaigning on behalf of Congress candidates for the General Elections from April till December.
  • Presided over the Faizpur session of the Indian National Congress on 27 December.
1938 :
  • Swaruprani Nehru died on 10 January. Visited Spain, France, Britain and some other European countries.
  • Became Chairman, National Planning Committee. Started 'The National Herld' newspaper.
1939 :
  • Visited Sri Lanka and China.
  • Drafted the Congress resolution on the Second World War.
1940 :
  • Chosen to be the second satyagrahi in the Individual Satyagraha Movement.
  • Arrested on 31 October for speeches made in Gorakhpur. (Released on 4 December 1941).
1942 :
  • Negotiations with Sir Stafford Cripps in March-April.
  • Moved the 'Quit India' resolution at the All-India Congress Committee meeting on 7 August. Arrested on 9 August.
1945 :
  • Released on 15 June. Represented the Congress at the Simla Conference from 25 June-14 July. Campaigned for Congress candidates in the elections. Appeared as a lawyer for the defence at the trial of the Indian National Army Officers in November. Vice-President, Indian Centre of the P.E.N. Elected President of the All-India States People's Conference in December.
1946 :
  • Visited South-East Asia in March.
  • Held April-June talks with members of the British Cabinet Mission from April to June.
  • Elected May President of the Indian National Congress in May. (Resigned in September).
  • Trip to Kashmir. arrest and release in June. Completed writing ‘Discovery of India’ in Ahmednagar Fort during his imprisonment.
  • Interim government formed with Nehru as Vice-President of the Viceroy's Executive Council and member for External Affairs and Commonwealth Relations on 2 September.
  • Moved the 'Objectives Resolution' in the Constituent Assembly on 13 December.
1947 :
  • Inaugurated the Asian Relations Conference in New Delhi on 23 March.
  • Broadcast to the nation accepting the partition proposals on 3 June.
  • Became first Prime Minister of free India on 15 August. Delivered one of his most famous speeches 'Tryst with Destiny'.
1948 :
  • Mahatma Gandhi died on 30th January.
  • Attended the Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference, London in October.
  • Addressed the Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 3 November.
1949 :
  • Inaugurated the conference of eighteen nations to condemn Dutch aggression on Indonesia on 20 January.
  • First visit to the USA and Canada, October-November.
1950 :
  • India became a Republic on 26th January.
  • Became Chairman, Planning Commission in March. (Held this office until his death).
1951 :
  • Elected President, Indian National Congress. (Continued till 1954).
1952 :
  • Formed new government after the first General Elections in May.
  • Began Community Development Program on 2 October.
1953 :
  • Chief Ministers' Conference in November, New Delhi.
  • Appointed States Reorganisation Commission in December.
1954 :
  • Chou En-Lai visited India. Issued joint statement of the Prime Ministers of India and China in June, listing the five principles (Panchsheel) for the regulation of relations between nations.
1955 :
  • Moved the resolution on a 'Socialistic Pattern of Society' at the Avadi session of the Indian National Congress in January.
  • Afro-Asian Conference was held in Bandung, 15-25 April.
  • Awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’.
1956 :
  • Conference with President Nasser of Egypt and President Tito of Yugoslavia in Brioni on 17-18 July.
  • Conference of the Prime Ministers of Indonesia, Burma, Ceylon and India, New Delhi, November.
1957 :
  • Formed the new government after the second General Elections in April.
1959 :
  • Sponsored resolution on cooperative farming and state trading of food grains at the Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress in January.
1960 :
  • Addressed the United Nations General Assembly in New York on 3 October.
1961 :
  • Conference of Non-aligned Nations, Belgrade, September.
1962 :
  • Formed new government after the third General Elections in April.
  • Presided over the National Integration Council meeting in June.
  • State of Emergency proclaimed on 26 October by the President of India following the Chinese aggression.
1963 :
  • 'Kamaraj Plan' ministers relinquished office to reorganise the Congress Party.
1964 :
  • Died in New Delhi on 27 May. Cremated at what is now ‘Shanti Vana’ on the banks of the Yamuna.