I see no way of ending the poverty, the vast unemployment, the degradation and. subjection of the Indian people except through socialism. That involves vast and revolutionary changes in our political and social structure, the ending of vested interests in land and industry, as well as the feudal and aristocratic Indian States System. That means the ending of private property except in a restricted sense, and the replacement of the present profit system by the higher ideal of service.
At this solemn moment, when the people of India, through suffering and sacrifice, have secured freedom, I... a member of the Constituent Assembly of India, do dedicate myself in all humility to the service of India and the people to the end that this ancient land attain her rightful place in the world and make her full and willing co-operation to the promotion of world peace and the welfare of mankind.
The foreign policy of India must necessarily be based on the principles that have guided the Congress in past years. These principles are promotion of world peace, the freedom of all nations, racial equality and the ending of imperialism and colonialism.